Winter investments - the secret of heating large facilities

Can expenses connected with heating be significantly reduced while maintaining high heating efficiency? How can large facilities be kept warm at minimal costs? Why is it worth paying attention not only to the selection of the device but also to the type of fuel?

Autumn cold weather can be felt more and more distinctly. We expect cold and short days with anxiety. Our thoughts are focused on the issue which constitutes a considerable challenge every year: how to ensure proper heating of the largest indoor areas in the company? Problems are faces not only by the largest industrial facilities such as production halls, warehouses and workshops but also various types of sports facilities or utility buildings.

Such places have especially high demands as regards the heating capacity. Due to the frequent exchange of hot and cold air, ensuring a constant temperature is very difficult. The regularly opened doors or gates do not promote heating the facilities and they need to be re-heated quickly. Thus, it often seems that heating such facilities involves high costs. However, it is worth looking for new solutions which will be sufficiently efficient and effective and will allow us not to spend all hard earned money.

The selection of the appropriate heater

In a large number of cases, stationary air heaters turn out to be an ideal solution. They heat quite large areas by blowing warm air. Regardless of the surrounding conditions - heated air is provided very quickly and in large amounts. Additionally, the use of easily available fuel is the first step aimed at lowering the heating costs. Apart from typical diesel oil, universal oil, production waste such as paper or dry timber can also be used in heaters (depending on the model). The size of the facility itself also needs to be considered while selecting a specific model. Only a device with the appropriate heating capacity will be able to perform its task.

Heaters with an external oil burner

Halls with a high cubic capacity can be heated quickly and relatively cheaply using a stationary furnace fuelled with universal oil (e.g. Master BG 100 PW). This easy-to-assemble heater has an external oil burner adapted to interrupted on-off operation. Heaters of this type can be fuelled using various kinds of fuel, owing to which it is possible to lower the operation cost and adjusting it to the user's needs.

The heater provides heat by blowing warm air. Its installation consists in connecting to the chimney system and the optional connection of additional air channels to distribute the heat evenly. The air used in the combustion process is taken directly from the heated facility, which is why it is extremely important to ensure appropriate ventilation guaranteeing a constant inflow of fresh air. The place for the installation should also be carefully thought over so the fuel tank is relatively close to the device (the maximum distance is 4 meters). The installation of the tank at a larger distance involves the necessity of using an additional fuel pump ensuring the maximum effectiveness of the operation of the device. The cabinet BG 100 PW heater has also been equipped with a special exhaust fumes analyzer, owing to which all kinds of oils can be burnt in a controlled manner, ensuring that they do not have a negative impact on the environment.

Owing to the high capacity of this heater (102 kW) even relatively large facilities can be heated very quickly. Additionally, it is possible to connect a thermostat to the device, owing to which the temperature can be controlled automatically. Although the purchase of the device may seem a considerable investment - usually all expenditure is returned during one heating season.

Master BG 100 PW

Heaters with an evaporation burner

In smaller areas, such as garages, small warehouses or production halls heaters fuelled with universal oil with the so-called evaporation burner have been successfully used for many years. It needs to be remembered that these devices require at least a four-meter chimney installation due to the open combustion chamber. Lack of adequate draught may cause ineffective operation of the device and contribute to improper combustion.

A 33 kW heater (e.g. Master WA 33 B) is capable of raising the temperature in a room by approx. 7°C in just 1.5 hours (if standard insulation requirement of the building are met). Devices equipped with this type of burner usually have a built-in fuel tank, dual-range capacity adjustment and a manual ignition system.

It is an ideal solution for smaller areas. The basic advantages of these devices include, first of all, a low purchase price, high efficiency, cheap fuel and almost 100% pure heat.

Master WA 33 B

Solid fuel heaters

Solid fuel heaters are also available on the market. These highly efficient devices use all production waste, timber, paper, etc. instead of typical fuel. The Master CT 50P heater with the capacity of 50 kW is a perfect example of such a device. It is successfully used in print shops, utility rooms, small workshops and at all places where fuel is readily available.

The installation of the heater consists in connecting it to chimney flues and the application of manual ignition makes it possible to switch it on at any time. The costs of purchasing the heater are not high and the possibility of using it for burning various kinds of waste makes it unusually cheap to operate.

Master CT 50 P

Before making the final choice the user needs to determine which model of the heater will be capable of ensuring the appropriate temperature at the facility. The effectiveness and efficiency of the heater also need to be taken into account. This will make it possible to minimize the risk of choosing ineffective solutions. Access to the specific type of fuel may make the choice somewhat easier. However, one should always consult with the sales assistant or a heating specialist who will be capable of defining all significant parameters and offer advice regarding the selection of the most suitable device.